This is a list of useful words in Arabic. The left contains the colloquial word, while the right contains the fusha word. Before the list, however, I will also add some general pronounciation guidelines and grammatical rules that, combined with a background in formal Arabic, should help those referencing this page make a smooth language transition in the Middle East, more specifically, Jordan.
1-Many words are shared between الفصحى و العامية. This helps with vocab memorization, as once the particular quirks of a dialect are mastered, you can create or recognize a word without having to look it up in the dictionary.
2-The vowels are different. I hate to tell you this, but seemingly basic and constant pronunciation is…still basic and constant, just slightly altered. The damma has a slight “o” pronunciation to it. The fatha before the taa marbuta has an “eh” pronunciation to it, except for the stronger consonants which still rely on the “ah” sound.
3- Masculine and feminine forms of words have vowel shifts with respect to one another. Example: ساكِن / ساكْنة. You’ll get used to this. Also, note that the pronunciation is Saakin and Sakneh.
4-ب. You’ll see this with verbs a lot. Some verbs contain ba at the beginning of the conjugated form (as seen below). I’ll have to investigate when to use this, but from my current understanding I believe it can only be used on a main verb (not after أن بالفصحى). Note that the Alif is dropped and the ba usually takes sukun.
5- For the love of kasra and sukun. The Levantine dialect seems to contain a lot of sukuns and kasras. Many fathas and dammas from fusha either change to kasra or sukun. Jordanians love their consonant clusters.
Also أيضًا / كَمانْ
But لَكِنّ / بَسّ
Only فَقَط / بَسّ
Here هُنا / هون
There هُناك / هنيك
Every/All كُل / كِل
Now الآن / هَلّق
Tomorrow غدًا / بُكْرة
Yesterday أمس / امْبارِح
I go أَذْهَب / اروح
I watch أُشاهِد / اشوف
I work أَعْمَل / بشتغل
I do أَفْعَل / بعْمَل
ما / مو – These are negation tools. Maa is used for basically everything but adjectives. So ليس عِندي = ما عَندي