Archive for September, 2012

France Expels Roma

Posted on September 13, 2012 in The Movement of Peoples

The French Socialist Government continues to dismantle camps and deport Roma from the outskirts of Paris. The first great jazz musician from Europe was Django Reinhardt (b. 1910), from the Sinti group of Roma. Reinhardt lived in the outskirts of Paris near Saint-Ouen.


Full Court Press in Europe

Posted on September 13, 2012 in Patterns of Integration, Uncategorized

Now that August vacations are over in Europe, the European Movement  is back in the game, pressing hard for economic and political unification, making headlines. Here are some of the recent statements:

European Central Bank – Mario Draghi announces a plan to buy short-term sovereign debt with no “ex ante” limit but under certain “conditions.”

German Constitutional Court – Issued a provisional ruling (full ruling TBA) that clears the way for Germany to ratify, with conditions, a permanent bank bailout fund for the eurozone: the European Stability Mechanism (ESM).

Klaus Regling – As the head of the EFSF and the likely head of the ESM (which would eventually replace it), stated that “the euro is irreversible” and that “resolutions proposed by the European Commission can be adopted even against a majority of euro area countries [which] reduces the possibility of political interference significantly.”

Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission, in his State of the (E)Union Address 2012, offered what he called a “Decisive Deal for Europe” which “requires the completion of a deep and genuine economic union, based on a political union.”

A full-court press in short against Europe’s centrifugal tendencies, such as … a third Greek bailout.

Waiting for Karlsruhe

Posted on September 4, 2012 in Patterns of Integration

The German Constitutional Court is expected next week to issue its judgment on whether the proposed European Stability Mechanism (ESM) is congruent with Germany’s Basic Law. A “no” would be clear but cause widespread consternation. Even a “maybe” or “partially” will considerably lengthen the process of jointly addressing Europe’s (massive) sovereign debt problems, insufficient economic growth, record unemployment and capital outflows, the fragility of the eurozone, and the political integration of Europe 27.  The Court’s ruling is expected on 12 September.

The following week, on 19 September, faculty fellows of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies and the Nanovic Institute for European Studies will hold a joint panel discussion of these topics at Notre Dame. Not without good reason is the Nanovic Institute’s film series this semester entitled “Power and Fragility.”