“‘A Worse Type of Slavery’: Photographic Witnessing along Georgia’s Jim Crow Roads”

A lecture by Steven Hoelscher, University of Texas Austin.

Thu Feb 28, 2019, 5:30PM – 6:45PM

 Annenberg Auditorium, Snite Museum of Art

Steven Hoelscher, Professor of American Studies and Geography at the University of Texas Austin explores a crucial moment in the turbulent history of American race relations, when post-emancipation hopes for African American civic equality and economic independence were crushed by disenfranchisement, lynching, and a vast array of legal structures aimed at black suppression. Central to that white supremacist project was the South’s notorious penal system that coerced incarcerated African Americans into a new form of state-sponsored slavery. Although widely accepted by whites as a natural and beneficial solution to a labor shortage, the forced use of African American prisoners for the hard and often fatal work of road building and other tasks after the Civil War did not go unchallenged. Among those critics was the radical, investigative journalist John L. Spivak, whose anti-racist work may have helped him earn the moniker “America’s Greatest Reporter” from Time magazine, but who has been largely forgotten.

Today, when the confluence of race and incarceration has resurfaced as a central national issue, it is essential to understand their historical antecedents, a point powerfully demonstrated in Michelle Alexander’s important bestseller, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (2010) and the Equal Justice Initiative’s recently opened legacy museum, From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration. This presentation, as it examines the “Old Jim Crow,” investigates one man’s efforts to expose the atrocity of racially-based forced labor through the act of photographic witnessing.

This program is co-sponsored by Notre Dame’s Department of American Studies.

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From the United States Census Bureau: National African-American (Black) History Month: February 2018


FEB. 2, 2018


To commemorate and celebrate the contributions to our nation made by people of African descent, American historian Carter G. Woodson established Black History Week. The first celebration occurred on Feb. 12, 1926. For many years, the second week of February was set aside for this celebration to coincide with the birthdays of abolitionist/editor Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. In 1976, as part of the nation’s bicentennial, the week was expanded to a month. Since then, U.S. presidents have proclaimed February as National African-American History Month.

The following facts are made possible by the invaluable responses to the U.S. Census Bureau’s surveys. We appreciate the public’s cooperation as we continuously measure America’s people, places and economy.

Note: The reference to the black population in this publication is to single-race black people (“black alone”) unless otherwise noted.

Did You Know?

46.8 million

The black population, either alone or in combination with one or more races, in the United States. Source: 2016 Population Estimates  

2.1 million

The number of black military veterans in the United States nationwide. Source: 2016 American Community Survey 

29.0 %

The percentage of the black population 16 and older working in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2016. Source: 2016 American Community Survey(Source includes more on occupations, commuting and industries.)

87.1 %

Percentage of African-Americans completing high school. Source: 2016 Current Population Survey (Source includes more on education, including advanced degrees and school enrollment.)


The number of black-owned employer firm businesses in the United States in 2015. Source: 2015 Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs 

More on Population Size

·       The projected black population.

·       New York had the largest black population in 2016, among states.

·       Cook County, Ill. (Chicago), had the largest black population in 2016, among counties.

Voting Rates

·       Voting rates in the 2016 presidential election

·       Voting rates in the 2014 congressional election

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

·       Income

·       Poverty status

·       Health insurance coverage

More Stats

See a detailed profile on the black population from the 2016 American Community Survey. Statistics include:

·       Families and children

·       Marital status

·       Grandparents living with grandchildren

·       Jobs

·       Labor force participation

·       Occupation

·       Commuting

·       Housing

Related News Products

Past Facts for Features

·       National African-American History Month: February 2017

·       National Black (African-American) History Month: February 2016

Stats for Stories

·       Martin Luther King, Jr. Day


·       High School Completion Rate Is Highest in U.S. History


·       Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

·       Black Education on the Rise


Graphic 1 | JPG | PDF |

Graphic 2 | JPG | PDF |

Public Information Office                                          census.gov

301-763-3030 / pio@census.gov                                Connect with us on Social media

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The Crisis of The Black Intellectual: The Legacy of Harold Cruse, 1967-2017

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Welcoming the New First Year of Studies Librarian: Melissa Harden

I am so pleased to introduce the Hesburgh Libraries new First Year of Studies Librarian, Ms. Melissa Harden. The last two weeks I have been informally introducing her. She has her office set up in 229 Coleman-Morse (First Year of Studies) and she can be found in 115A Hesburgh Library. First Year undergraduate students are encouraged to contact her by calling: (574) 631-6258 or coming by the Hesburgh Library. I am currently transitioning my Starting Your Research Guide, and my First Year of Studies pages to reflect this change. Thank you in advance for your patience and understanding t this time.

After 12 years of providing reference, research, an instructional services to First Year Undergraduate Students, I am stepping aside from my role as the First Year of Studies Librarian at the University of Notre Dame. I am so proud and humbled to have created a program that focused on working with a dynamic group of students over the years.

It has been an absolutely incredible experience to meet students families during welcome weekend, collaborate on teaching and learning initiatives with faculty from the First Year of Studies, the College of Arts & Letters, collaborating with teaching and learning opportunities with ND TRIO programs, presenting at conferences with peers who are developing their careers in this area, and creating opportunities for the Hesburgh Libraries to be engaged with students early in their academic careers in utilizing academic library resources.

I am continuing my career within the Hesburgh Libraries in teaching, learning, and research initiatives with the Women of Walsh Hall, Africana Studies, and Poverty Studies. I have recently been appointed the Academic Libraries of Indiana-Information Literacy Committee Chair; I continue my work on the Framework for Information Literacy with the Association of Colleges & Research Libraries. I look forward to putting efforts towards publishing and ongoing presentations of what I have learned in working with a dynamic group of First Year Undergraduate Students.  I am profoundly grateful for the overwhelming and tremendous support of the First Year of Studies @ Notre Dame. From day one, Rev. Dr. Hugh Page, Vice President, Associate Provost for Undergraduate Affairs, Dean-First Year of Studies for his support in my work to create a First Year Librarian program that will continue. Dr. Page and his incredible faculty allowed me to be an “embedded member” of their college to which I had tremendous opportunities for collaboration and over the years, a tremendous friendship in service.

This Blog will continue under a new name, but somewhat with a similar purpose.

Stay Tuned….. Best always, Leslie


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Summer Happenings in the Hesburgh Library – FYI

Good Day All:

Summer session of classes are moving along nicely. It is great seeing students, faculty, staff and visitors to our library taking advantage of our various library resources and services. Renovation construction continues to move along. Just yesterday, I heard and felt the vibration of the drilling while in a meeting with colleagues. When the Class of 2020 begins classes in the fall, some of the current construction walls will be coming down. If you are interested in knowing more of our ongoing renovation efforts, please go to our website:  http://renovation.library.nd.edu/phases/

As a way to get familiar with the Hesburgh Libraries, I am providing some links for you to consider as you get connected to the University of Notre Dame:

Hesburgh Libraries 

Ask A Librarian Services

LINK – Library Information Network: Connecting Students & the Libraries


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Summer Reading: Suggestions for the Incoming Class of 2020!

It’s been a while since I posted information for my former first year undergraduates (Class of 2019) to benefit from. We had a terrific academic year given the overall success of my Moreau classes, our meetings in the library and … Continue reading

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Happy New Year – 2016

My apologies for the delay in updating all on the happenings within the Hesburgh Libraries. This academic year so far has been very enriching, engaging, and presenting me with opportunities to teach, reflect, and connect with librarians from other institutions who work with the best students on our various campuses.

I am hosting a couple of workshops for students new to the University of Notre Dame and for those students who may need a refresher in being about the business of Connecting to Knowledge that will enhance and enrich your research projects.

“Citation Styles: What’s the Difference?” Sunday, February 21, 2016 – 12:30pm-1:30pm – Classroom 129, Hesburgh Library-Center for Digital Scholarship. Register here: http://nd.libcal.com/event/2364249?hs=a

“Citation Styles: What’s the Difference?” Sunday, February 28, 2016 – 1:00pm-2:00pm – Classroom 129, Hesburgh Library-Center for Digital Scholarship. Register Here: http://nd.libcal.com/event/2364251?hs=a

“Boolean Searching Made Easy” Wednesday, February 24, 2016 – 4:30pm-6:00pm – Classroom 129, Hesburgh Library-Center for Digital Scholarship. Register here: http://nd.libcal.com/event/2364252?hs=a 

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News from the Hesburgh Libraries: Check it Out!

Happy Friday! The Hesburgh Libraries has a number of ways for you to engage, explore and experience the library system for all of your information and research needs:

Hesburgh Libraries & St. Joseph County Public Library

The Hesburgh Libraries is pleased to announce a new collaboration with Saint Joseph County Public Library (SJCPL) to provide the Notre Dame community with easier access to current popular leisure reading materials and online databases such as Lynda.com®.

(August, 2015) students, staff, faculty and their families may apply for a SJCPL Library card at the Hesburgh Library.  Individuals living within Saint Joseph County, or shows written proof of ownership of property within the county may apply (certain restrictions exist, please visit http://sjcpl.lib.in.us/request-card, or contact the Circulation Department of the SJCPL library at (574) 282-4617).

Once you have your SJCPL library card, users can go online and access eBooks and Digital materials; or, request print books, DVD’s, and music CD’s to be delivered to Hesburgh Library lower level service desk for pick-up and check-out. Any SJCPL material can be returned to Hesburgh Library where they will be discharged and routed back to the county library. Please contact Tracey Morton (1-6824) or Kim Ferraro (1-7438) if you have questions.

Thesis Camp for juniors and seniors is back during fall break, 2015

Are you writing a senior thesis or starting a major project? Jumpstart the research and writing process by consulting with librarians and writing tutors in dedicated spaces during fall break. The program will help you establish frameworks to work toward your thesis or project completion. Through informal conversations and short discussions, you will also develop a sense of community with other students.

Dates & Times:

8:30am – 5:00pm, Monday, October 19, 2015
8:30am – 5:00pm, Tuesday, October 20, 2015
8:30am – 5:00pm, Wednesday, October 21, 2015
8:30am – 5:00pm, Thursday, October 22, 2015
8:30am – 5:00pm, Friday, October 23, 2015

Location: Hesburgh Library

Daily breakfast, lunch, and afternoon snacks are provided. Enrollment is free.

Registration is required. http://nd.libcal.com/event/2183525?hs=a


Hesburgh Libraries: LINK Program

Starting Fall Semester, 2014, each residence hall has been assigned a librarian who serves as the first point of contact for any questions about the library in general or about specific research needs. What can your Residence Hall Librarian do for you?

  • Keep you informed about new library resources, programs, and special events.
  • Answer your general questions about library services, like borrowing lap tops, citing sources, and requesting materials from other libraries
  • Assist you with your research assignments by helping you identify the best sources and formulate search strategies
  • Connect you with library specialists across all subject areas

Fall, 2015 Hesburgh Library Workshops

Hesburgh Librarians: Subject Specialists

Mathematics & Mathematics Software Tutoring Sessions

Ask A Librarian Services (Chat, Text, E-Mail)

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Welcome Class of 2019 to the University of Notre Dame!

Dear Notre Dame First Year Students:

Welcome to the University of Note Dame, a place that will affirm, confirm, challenge, increase your intellect, and strengthen your faith and ability to develop as the future leaders of our world!

My name is Leslie L. Morgan, I am the First Year of Studies Librarian within the Hesburgh Libraries. My colleagues and I in the Hesburgh Libraries has the AMAZING task of Connecting You to Knowledge in some very engaging and unique ways.  Here is a link to the Hesburgh Libraries Web: library.nd.edu

As a beginning scholar dear Class of 2019, the Hesburgh Libraries provides access to some extraordinary online and print research tools that will help you towards academic excellence and success.

As you are coming up on your first week in residence at our beloved university, I want to encourage you to contact me and or my colleagues for a research consultation, attend one of our workshops and come into our libraries for any and all of your information needs.

My sincerest regards, Leslie

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The Hesburgh Libraries: Summer, 2015-fyi

Construction is moving along in the main library location on campus. If you are interested in keeping up with a number of the changes, feel free to read and sign up using your email address: Ren Alerts.

The summer months provide a wonderful opportunity for my librarian colleagues and I to take advantage of so many learning opportunities within our profession and work on creating opportunities to innovate our teaching & learning services and outreach endeavors. Stay tuned, I will probably post more info in July of 2015.

The summer season is a great time to peruse leisure reading. Here are a couple of links that make some really great recommendations:

New York Times: Cool Books for Hot Summer Days

Evergirl: The Perfect Summer Reading List-2015

Goodreads Popular Summer Reading 2015 Books

My best to You, Leslie



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