1967—On This Day: Thurgood Marshall confirmed as Supreme Court justice

On this day in 1967, Thurgood Marshall becomes the first African American to be confirmed as a Supreme Court justice. He would remain on the Supreme Court for 24 years before retiring for health reasons, leaving a legacy of upholding the rights of the individual as guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.

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From a young age, Marshall seemed destined for a place in the American justice system. His parents instilled in him an appreciation for the Constitution, a feeling that was reinforced by his schoolteachers, who forced him to read the document as punishment for his misbehavior. After graduating from Lincoln University in 1930, Marshall sought admission to the University of Maryland School of Law, but was turned away because of the school’s segregation policy, which effectively forbade blacks from studying with whites. Instead, Marshall attended Howard University Law School, from which he graduated magna cum laude in 1933. (Marshall later successfully sued Maryland School of Law for their unfair admissions policy). More Information

United States Census Bureau: Hispanic Student Enrollment Doubles in Last 20 years

More Than 77 Million People Enrolled in U.S. Schools, Census Bureau Reports

Hispanic Student Enrollment Doubles in Last 20 Years


AUG. 28, 2017 — The number of people enrolled in America’s schools reached 77.2 million in 2016, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Since 1996, total school enrollment has grown 9.9 percent.

Enrollment in kindergarten through eighth grade has not significantly changed during the past decade, increasing from 36.1 million in 2006 to 36.6 million a decade later. These 2016 figures show that non-Hispanic whites made up nearly 51 percent of all students in kindergarten through eighth grade, while Hispanic or Latino students made up 25.1 percent. Black students were 15.1 percent of the total; Asian students were 5.4 percent

The number enrolled in high school remained steady between 2011 and 2016, while full-time college enrollment (undergraduate and graduate) increased over the same time for men, women and all race groups. Full-time college enrollment in 2016 was 75.1 percent of all college enrollment, up from 70.0 percent in 2006 and 66.3 percent in 2000.

Hispanic Enrollment

The number of Hispanic students at all levels of school has grown by 4.8 million in the past decade (2006 to 2016), and by 9.0 million since 1996. This represents a doubling of the Hispanic student population in the last 20 years, a 102 percent increase.

“We’ve seen the number of Hispanic students enrolled in schools, colleges and universities in the United States double from 8.8 million to 17.9 million from 1996 to 2016,” said Kurt Bauman, Chief, Education and Social Stratification Branch. “Hispanic students now make up 22.7 percent of all people enrolled in school.”

The growth of Hispanic enrollment has been accompanied by a decline in high school dropout rates. In 1996, 34.5 percent of Hispanics ages 18 to 24 had not completed and were not enrolled in high school. By 2006 that rate had dropped to 26.2 percent, and in 2016 it was 9.9 percent, only 4 points higher than the national average of 6.4 percent.

·        School enrollment of Hispanic students at all levels grew 36.3 percent in the 10 years from 2006 to 2016.

·        Hispanic college enrollment (undergraduate and graduate) grew 86.0 percent from 2006 to 2016.

·        Hispanic students make up 19.1 percent of all college students, up from 11.4 percent in 2006.

·        In 2016 Hispanics represented 22.7 percent of all students enrolled at all levels in 2016 and 19.1 percent of those enrolled in college.

Private Enrollment Declines

Enrollment in private schools has declined by half a million over the past decade. Nursery school enrollment fell from 2.2 to 1.9 million, kindergarten enrollment declined by 123,000, elementary school enrollment dropped from 3.1 to 2.6 million, and high school enrollment dropped from 1.5 to 1.3 million. In contrast, private college enrollment grew from 3.8 to 4.2 million.

School Enrollment Tables

The updated tables provide information by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, family income, type of college, employment status, nativity, foreign-born parentage, attendance status (full or part time), type of school (public or private), and vocational course enrollment. They also delve into topics such as nursery school and kindergarten enrollment, the likelihood of enrollment in a grade appropriate for their age, and the percentage of young adults enrolled in college. Historical time series tables and visualizations are also provided.

School enrollment data are obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS). The Current Population Survey is the primary source of labor force statistics for the population of the United States and is used to collect data for a variety of other studies that keep the nation informed of the economic and social well-being of its people.

Later this fall, the Census Bureau will release a postsecondary school enrollment report.

IUSB-Civil Rights Heritage Center Announces Fall-2017 Semester Film Series

A monthly series of film and discussion on issues that matter.


Oscar-nominated “I Am Not Your Negro” explores the continued peril America faces from institutionalized racism. Based on an unfinished manuscript Baldwin began in 1979, “Remember This House,” which was to be a revolutionary, personal account of the lives and successive assassinations of three of his close friends—Medgar Evers, Malcolm X and the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.—filmmaker Raoul Peck envisions the book that Baldwin never finished. The result is a radical, up-to-the-minute examination of race in America using Baldwin’s original words and a flood of rich archival material. “I Am Not Your Negro” is a journey into Black history that connects the past of the Civil Rights movement to the present of #BlackLivesMatter.


This film examines an educational system that was designed to destroy American Indian culture and tribal unity. The film offers a candid look at the Indian Boarding School system that existed from 1879 through the 1960s. The School attempted to, as one of the founders stated, “Kill the Indian and save the man.” Combining personal interviews with historical narration and featuring powerful interviews with people such as Andrew Windy Boy and Grace Thorpe (daughter of noted Sauk and Fox athlete Jim Thorpe), this film reflects the harrowing and often untold experience suffered by many Native Americans.


Almost Sunrise follows two Iraq veterans, Tom Voss and Anthony Anderson, both tormented by depression for years after they returned home and pushed to the edge of suicide. The two embark on an extraordinary journey—a 2,700 mile walk across the country from Wisconsin to California in order to reflect on their haunting experiences of war, and to ultimately save themselves.

Will this epic pilgrimage allow them to begin the new life they so desperately seek?


Dolores Huerta is among the most important, yet least known, activists in American history. An equal partner in co-founding the first farm workers unions with Cesar Chavez, her enormous contributions have gone largely unrecognized. Dolores tirelessly led the fight for racial and labor justice alongside Chavez, becoming one of the most defiant feminists of the twentieth century—and she continues the fight to this day, at 87. With intimate and unprecedented access to this intensely private mother to eleven, the film reveals the raw, personal stakes involved in committing one’s life to social change. From Executive Producer Carlos Santana and directed by Peter Bratt, this award winning film is in limited release around the United States.

Dates, times, and events are subject to change. For the most recent information, visit crhc.iusb.edu.

6pm to 8pm

Civil Rights Heritage Center
1040 West Washington
South Bend, IN 46601

Copyright © 2017 Civil Rights Heritage Center, All rights reserved.
News and events from the Civil Rights Heritage Center

Our mailing address is:

Civil Rights Heritage Center

1040 West Washington Street

South BendIN 46601

Launch of GOJ Portal Represents a Critical Element of the Transformation of the Public Sector

The Government of Jamaica has launched a single online gateway to all Government information and services.

The e-portal was launched yesterday (August 9) at the Office of the Prime Minister in Kingston.

Speaking at the launch Prime Minister Andrew Holness said the portal represents a critical element of transformation in the public sector.

According to Prime Minister Holness, information technology can revolutionize bureaucracy by increasing the decision-making process and making departments and agencies of government more transparent and efficient.

Jamaica’s Librarians need your Support!

Dear Colleagues,
We recently engaged the Office of the Minister in Jamaica in a bid to have information Literacy  as part of the New Stands Based Curriculum. Our Teacher/Librarians and Information Literacy are constantly left out of  National Curriculum Planning and we need to take a stand and have dialogue with the powers that be .
The Office of the Prime Minister have accepted our advocacy application and entered us on their petition page where we need to get 15,000 signatures. Luckily signatures can be had from across the world from people who support our cause . We would be grateful if you could assist us in joining hands  through our library partners across the world to show how powerful our unified voices can be through the sharing of this link and eventual signatures. Please see instructions below.
  1. Go to the  Jamaica House Petition page
  2. Select the name of the petition:  Review Jamaica National Standards Based Curriculum to Include Information Literacy and Libraries
  3. Enter your names and email address and click SIGN NOW (a confirmation will be sent to your email) Don’t see it? Check your junk mail!
  4. confirm your email by clicking on the link sent from the OPM to you inbox
Jollette Russell, President
Libary and Information Association of Jamaica

Charlottesville, Racism and the Current Crisis in America: Friday, August 25, 2017 12:30pm-2:00pm

PANEL: Charlottesville, Racism and the Current Crisis in America
WHEN: Friday August 25, 12:30pm-2:00pm
WHERE: Hesburgh Auditorium Hesburgh Center for International Studies University of Notre Dame
The violent demonstration in Charlottesville, VA and growing racial divisions across the country have brought into focus the dangers posed by a revitalized White supremacist movement in the United States.
What are the causes of the present crisis, how is it connected to historical justice struggles and collective memory, and where do we go from here? Come listen to experts on American racial politics discuss the current situation and what can be done in response.
Erika Doss Professor in the Department of American Studies
David Anderson Hooker Associate Professor of the Practice of Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
Dianne Pinderhughes Notre Dame Presidential Faculty Fellow, Chair of the Department of Africana Studies, Professor in the Department of Political Science
Richard Pierce Associate Professor in the Department of Africana Studies and the Department of History
Ernesto Verdeja (moderator) Associate Professor in the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and the Department of Political Science
This event is cosponsored by the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and the Department of Africana Studies.
PLEASE NOTE: Tuesday September 5 at 8:00pm the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center will screen the documentary film:
“Whose Streets?” (2017) about the death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, MO and the ensuing political and social tensions.
Panel to follow
Tickets and information available at the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center.

Job Announcement: Librarian Purdue University Black Cultural Center

The Purdue Black Cultural Center invites applicants for Purdue University Black Cultural Center Librarian.  The successful applicant will possess knowledge of African American history and culture and have the ability to communicate that knowledge through programs, workshops, and facilitated discussions.  He or she will be responsible for the management of the BCC library.  Responsibilities include collection development, reference service, instruction and promotion of the BCC through outreach activities.  This position represents a 25% appointment with Purdue Libraries.

 Purdue Black Cultural Center

The Purdue Black Cultural Center (BCC) is a nationally acclaimed organization and treasured educational resource.  It is a focal point for the African American experience and a force for cultural enrichment and intellectual growth at Purdue University and in the community.  The Black Cultural Center is a place where the black experience in America can be explored, celebrated and shared.  The center provides an environment that fosters cross-cultural exchanges and noteworthy research as well as artistic expression through music, dance, drama and creative writing. The BCC Library contains materials relevant to the historical, sociological, political and cultural aspects of the Black experience.  The library houses more than 7,000 volumes on subjects ranging from political science and religion to cooking, folklore, and literature.  In addition to its extensive collection, the library subscribes to more than 40 periodicals, including scholarly journals, popular magazines, newspapers and electronic resources.


  • Master’s degree in Library Science (M.L.S.) from ALA approved program.
  • Two years Librarian experience required.
  • Experience with collection management and development, reference and instruction and supervision.
  • Experience in an academic or research library preferred.
  • Experience working with archival collections.
  • Demonstrated commitment to promoting diversity, inclusion and cultural competence.
  • Experience and knowledge in working with students of color in an educational setting
  • Proven competence in managing multiple tasks and competing priorities.
  • Strong community building skills and record of collaborating with colleagues to support student success.
  • Ability to work effectively, both independently and as part of a team.
  • The successful candidate must have the ability to respond respectfully and effectively to people of all cultures, in a manner that affirms the worth and preserves the dignity of individuals, families and communities.


  • Research, select and order library materials.
  • Develop and maintain BCC library website, oversee social media accounts and content across a variety of platforms.
  • Evaluate current holdings against collection development and weeding guidelines to establish the most effective collection possible.
  • Maintain records for budget funds related to the acquisition of materials.
  • Support direct collaboration between BCC and Purdue Libraries on technical services workflow, exhibits and other program initiatives.
  • Provide on-site, telephone and electronic reference service.
  • Instruct faculty, students, staff and community users in the effective use of learning resources through formal workshops, curriculum-based instruction and individualized instruction.
  • Supervise student assistants, including hiring, training, developing and evaluation performance in circulation and shelving activities.
  • Maintain the library collection including purging and reclassification of materials.
  • Coordinate the preservation of materials.
  • Oversee and maintain departmental archives
  • Plan, direct and/or implement special projects involving library promotion and outreach activities such as tours, on-site and off-site displays and outreach programs.
  • Represent the BCC in local, state and national library-related organizations and activities.
  • Serve as a resource to students as they navigate their way through the campus culture, providing leadership on sustaining and enriching a campus climate that is welcoming to all members of the community.
  • Collaborate with faculty and staff on cultural literacy programs
  • Promote dialogue and discussion of African American history and popular culture.

Deadline for Application

Review of applications will begin on September 5, 2017.

To Apply

All applicants must apply on line www.purdue.edu/hr/careers

Hard copies of application materials can also be sent to:

Renee Thomas, Director

Purdue Black Cultural Center

1100 Third Street

West Lafayette, IN 47906



After Charlottesville: How to Approach Confederate Memorials in Your Community

Statement by Stephanie Meeks, President and CEO, National Trust for Historic Preservation:

The hateful white supremacist rally in Charlottesville on August 11-12, 2017, reinvigorated a challenging national debate about what we should do about Confederate monuments in our public squares. The historic preservation community has been grappling with many of these difficult issues for some time now.

As such, we wanted to share some examples, resources, and tools to help communities broach the difficult and necessary conversations surrounding the future of these monuments, and move forward in an informed and inclusive way that does justice to both the past and the needs and concerns of today.

Our position statement on Confederate memorials, which we updated this summer in light of an earlier pro-discrimination rally in Charlottesville, is available here. As it says, while we always want to engage with rather than obscure the past, we also recognize that many of these memorials were intended as, and are clearly still being taken to represent, symbols of white supremacy, and that public monuments in public spaces, and maintained with public money, should represent our public values.

Our understanding of our own history has been distorted in too many minds by silence and deliberate misinterpretation.

Given these facts, many communities are right to insist that these monuments are unjust, intolerant, and undemocratic. At the same time, that some Americans seem not to understand why and how these monuments are offensive to so many illustrates the real problem at hand. Our understanding of our own history has been distorted in too many minds by silence and deliberate misinterpretation.

That is why, now more than ever, the task of historic preservation is to tell the full American story in an inclusive way, and see that our historic places recognize the experiences and embrace the contributions of all our diverse citizens. Read more.

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Wyeth Foundation for American Art Symposium: Artists Panel: The African American Art World in Twentieth-Century Washington, DC

In this program, presented on March 17, 2017, eight distinguished artists discuss their careers and relationships as members of the Washington, DC, art world. Panelists are Lilian Thomas Burwell, Floyd Coleman, David C. Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Keith A. Morrison, Martin Puryear, Sylvia Snowden, and Lou Stovall. Ruth Fine, former curator of special projects in modern art, National Gallery of Art, moderated the panel, which was part of a two-day symposium at the National Gallery of Art. The program was organized by the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts in collaboration with the Howard University Gallery of Art and was supported by the Wyeth Foundation for American Art.

Released: July 04, 2017