reading11 — Artificial Intelligence
From the readings, what is artificial intelligence and how is it similar or different from what you consider to be human intelligence?
Artificial intelligence as it stands today is utilizing intensive computing to mimic what humans consider to be “thought” or problem solving. The most known example of artificial intelligence is probably IBM’s Watson, which I have had a chance to work with on a project before. Essentially, Watson is incredibly good at solving certain problems. Watson became famous for its winning appearance on the television show Jeopardy, where it took down two of the all time greats. Watson can scan through huge loads of information. It can do a great job at converting a PDF to text. It is probably the best machine at processing natural language. But, does Watson think? I would argue no and that Watson and every other form of artificial intelligence is inherently different than human intelligence. Ars Technica dove into some of the problems with trying to replicate human thought, focusing on how complex are brain is and how little we know about it:
“There are two main problems for any brain simulator. The first is that the human brain is extraordinarily complex, with around 100 billion neurons and 1,000 trillion synaptic interconnections. None of this is digital; it depends on electrochemical signaling with inter-related timing and analogue components, the sort of molecular and biological machinery that we are only just starting to understand.”
I believe that these two reasons encapsulate why artificial intelligence is not equivalent to human intelligence and it will never be. The concept of thought is a very vague one, but it is important to investigate in such a discussion. How could you ever program or design the process of daydreaming? What we see as random thinking or just trains of thoughts are extremely complex biological process occurring in our minds all the time and these are the things that lead to some of our world’s greatest pleasures. Creating new music, new art, or any sort of innovation is not a simple process and from my knowledge of machine learning, I just do not think it is possible to be truly replicated. And even if we were able to design artificial intelligence to think as we think, could it ever have emotion? Emotion does not make sense. It can be uncontrollable, it goes up and down and waves, and most importantly, it makes us human. We make mistakes and then we learn from them, becoming better in ways that I do not believe is possible to be done by a robot.