The Cycle of Racism

The contrast of hate and love has been a constant theme in Baldwin’s work. In “The Dangerous Road Before Martin Luther King”, Baldwin writes, “… Martin Luther King really loves the people he represents and has-therefore– no hidden, interior need to hate the white people who oppose him…” (639). This is a powerful statement. A cycle of racism is really a cycle of bigotry. Eliminating hatred from the cycle simultaneously eliminates racism. Martin Luther King and James Baldwin both preach a gospel of love because both understood that accepting the white man’s description of a black man, is the biggest mistake. It only results in hatred for oneself, which is expressed by hatred for others. This does nothing but continue the cycle of bigotry and racism.

An understanding of true identity is needed (on both sides) in order to get over the disease of hatred. Whites need to have an understanding that they are not superior, and blacks need to see that they are not inferior. This takes the white community opening their eyes to the truth of America, and the role they play. Often, the message stops here, but Martin Luther King addresses the black community as well.  He states, “We can’t keep on blaming the white man. There are many things we must do for ourselves” (Baldwin 644). This cycle of racism and bigotry is a two way street, and MLK sees that the black community has an important role in the matter as well. Blacks must replace the hatred in their hearts with love. When true love is found for oneself and one’s community, hatred thrown does not have the same effect. It is seen that what the white community is selling is not something necessary to buy. Internal freedom is received, and hatred for the ones feeding the lies is no longer necessary. It is seen that the hatred thrown is not a reflection of the receiver, but of the giver. When true love for one’s identity is found, true change can come forth.

Adding Students as Contributors to a WordPress Site

Go to and look for the login link on the lower left hand side navigation:

Choose the option to Log in with NetID/Okta:

If it is not selected by default, click on My Sites:

You should see your blog(s) listed.  Choose the Dashboard of the blog that you wish to add users to:

In the Dashboard view, select the Users dashboard on the left:

At the top of the screen, click on Add New:

Add New User.  Select the desired role.  (Your students may need to be authors, rather than contributors.)

WordPress will display a message indicating that an invitation has been sent to this new user:

Repeat these steps for each student.

Students need to look for an email invitation to join the WordPress site.

That email may end up in the Spam folder.

The sender will be: <>

The subject line will read:

“[Notre Dame WordPress] Activate netid ” — where netid is replaced the student’s netid

After students click on the invitation link to confirm, they will be sent a second email which will contain login instructions.  Since they use Okta, these instructions are not needed, unless a student registers with a non-ND email address.

WordPress roles:

Administrator — you

Editor — possibly a TA, or if you are co-teaching, your colleague

Author — possible role for students, depending on the types of activities you want them to engage in.  

  • Authors can write, edit, and publish their own posts.  They can also delete their own posts.  
  • Authors can view comments that are pending review, but they cannot moderate, approve or delete comments.
  • Authors cannot access site settings, plugins, or themes.

Contributor — possible role for students, again, depending on the types of activities you want them to engage in.

  • Contributors can add new posts and edit their own posts, but they cannot publish their posts.
  • Contributors cannot upload files, which means they cannot add images to their articles.


  • Cannot write posts or view comments.
  • Subscribers can read posts and leave a comment.

This information is also available in the ServiceNow Knowledge Base database as article KB0018827.

Testing Comments

This is a blog post to allow me to test settings for posting comments.

First, log in to your blog as admin, and go to the Dashboard.  Select Settings.  Then Select Discussions.

Make sure “Allow people to submit comments on new posts” is checked.

Make sure “Automatically close comments on posts older than _____ days” is not checked.

If this does not solve the problem, or if it only solves the problem for some blog posts (possibly posts made after you have changed these configuration settings, there is one more thing that you can do.

While you are still logged in to the Dashboard, go to All Posts.

Select one or more blog posts that are not allowing comments:

Find the pull-down menu that says Bulk Actions.  Change that to Edit, and click Apply:

This will pop up a contextual menu that you would otherwise not be able to see.

Make sure Comments are set to Allow.  Click Update.

Comments are now allowed for all blog posts that you selected.

This information is also available in the ServiceNow KB database as article KB0018826.