Publications

Google Scholar Profile 

To get pdf copies of our publications, please contact Khachatur Manukyan (kmanukya@nd.edu) 

2021

  1. J.M. Roach, K.V. Manukyan, A. Majumdar, S. Dede, A.G. Oliver, P.C. Burns, A. Aprahamian, Hyperstoichiometric Uranium Dioxides: Rapid Synthesis and Irradiation-Induced Structural Changes, Inorg. Chem. 60, 24, 18938–18949, (2021).
  2. M.K. Zakaryan, S.L. Kharatyan, A. Aprahamian, K.V. Manukyan, Combustion in the ZrF4-Mg-Si and ZrF4-Al-Si Systems for Preparation of Zirconium Silicides, Combust. Flame 232, 111514 (1-9), (2021).
  3. A. Majumdar, K.V. Manukyan, S. Dede, J.M. Roach, D. Robertson, P.C. Burns, A. Aprahamian, Irradiation-Driven Restructuring of UO2 Thin Films: Amorphization and Crystallization, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 13, 29, 35153–35164 (2021).

2020

  1. P. Sapkota, A. Aprahamian, K.Y. Chan, B. Frentz, K.T. Macon, S. Ptasinska, D. Robertson, K.V. Manukyan, Irradiation-Induced Reactions at the CeO2/SiO2/Si Interface, J. Chem. Phys. 152, 104704 (2020).
  2. V.V. Baghramyan, A.A. Sargsyan, N.B. Knyzyan, V.V. Harutyunyan, A.H. Badalyan, N.E. Grigoryan, A. Aprahamian, K.V. Manukyan, Pure and Cerium-Doped Zinc Orthosilicate as a Pigment for Thermoregulating Coatings, Ceram. Intern. 46, 4992-4997 (2020).
  3. Q. Liu, M. Febbraro, R.J. deBoer, S. Aguilar, A. Boeltzig, Y. Chen, M. Couder, J. Görres, E. Lamere, S. Lyons, K.T. Macon, K. Manukyan, L. Morales, S. Pain, W.A. Peters, C. Seymour, G. Seymour, R. Toomey, B. Vande Kolk, J. Weaver, M. Wiescher, Low-energy Cross-Section Measurement of the 10B(α,n)13N Reaction and its Impact on Neutron Production in First-Generation Stars, Phys. Rev. C 101, 025808 (2020).
  4. N. Amirkhanyan, S. Kharatyan, K. Manukyan, A. Aprahamian,Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Solution Combustion Synthesis: Ni(NO3)2 + Fuels Systems, Combust. Flame 221, 110-119, (2020).
  5. R.J. deBoerQ. LiuY. ChenM. CouderJ. GörresE. LamereA.M. LongS. LyonsK. ManukyanL. MoralesD. RobertsonC. SeymourG. SeymourE. StechB. Vande Kolk, M. Wiescher, Global R-Matrix Analysis of the 11B(α,n)14N Reaction, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1668 012011 (1-13), (2020).
  6. T. Ahn, S. Aguilar, R.J. deBoer, D.W. Bardayan, A. Boeltzig, C.R. Brune, S.P. Burcher, K.Y. Chae, S.L. Henderson, R. K. Grzywacz, K.L. Jones, J.M. Kovoor, K.T. Macon, K. Manukyan, S. Mosby, P.D. O’Malley, M. Renaud, K. Smith, C. Thornsberry, B. Vande Kolk, M. Wiescher, Cross-Section Measurements to Low-Lying Excited Final States in the 24Mg(α,p) 27Al∗(γ) Reaction as an Energy Source for x-Ray Bursts, Phys. Rev. C 102, 035805, (2020).
  7. E. Aleksanyan, A. Aprahamian, A.S. Mukasyan, V. Harutyunyan, K.V. Manukyan, Mechanisms of Mechanochemical Synthesis of Cesium Lead Halides: Pathways Toward Stabilization of α-CsPbI3, J. Mater. Sci. 55, 8665–8678, (2020). 

2019

  1. Z. Gevorkian, L. Matevosyan, K. Avjyan Karapet, V. Harutyunyan E.  Aleksanyan, K. Manukyan,  Determination of the Complete Set of Optical Parameters of Micron-Sized Polycrystalline CH3NH3PbI3−xClx Films from the Oscillating Transmittance and Reflectance Spectra, Mater. Res. Express 7, 016408 (2019).
  2. S.L. Kharatyan, H.A. Chatilyan, K.V. Manukyan, Kinetics and Mechanism of Nickel Oxide Reduction by Methane, J. Phys. Chem. C 123, 21513-21521 (2019).
  3. Q. Liu, M. Febbraro, R.J. deBoer, A. Boeltzig, Y. Chen, C. Cerjan, M. Couder, B. Frentz, J. Görres, E.A. Henry, E. Lamere, K.T. Macon, K.V. Manukyan, L. Morales, P.D. O’Malley, S.D. Pain, W.A. Peters, D. Schneider, C. Seymour, G. Seymour, E. Temanson, R. Toomey, B. Vande Kolk, J. Weaver, M. Wiescher,  Measurement of the 10B(α,n0)13N Cross Section for 2.2<Eα<4.9 MeV and its Application as a Diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility, Phys. Rev. C 100, 034601 (2019).
  4. E. Lamere, M. Couder, M. Beard, A. Simon, A. Simonetti, M. Skulski, G. Seymour, P. Huestis, K. Manukyan, Z. Meisel, L. Morales, M. Moran, S. Moylan, C. Seymour, E. Stech, Proton-Induced Reactions on Molybdenum, Phys. Rev. C 100, 034614 (2019).
  5. K.V. Manukyan, C. Fasano, A. Majumdar, G.F. Peaslee, M. Raddell, E. Stech, M. Wiescher, Surface Manipulation Techniques of Roman Denarii, Appl. Surf. Sci. 493, 818-828 (2019).
  6. A.S. Mukasyan, S. Roslyakov, J.M. Pauls, L.C. Gallington, T. Orlova, X. Liu, M. Dobrowolska, J.K. Furdyna, K.V. Manukyan,  Nanoscale Metastable ε‑Fe3N Ferromagnetic Materials by Self- Sustained Reactions, Inorg. Chem. 58, 5583−5592 (2019).
  7. I.P. Borovinskaya, K. Manukyan, A.S. Mukasyan, SHS Ceramics: History and Recent Advances, Ceramics in Modern Technologies, 1, 3-19 (2019).
  8. C. Xu, K.V. Manukyan, R.A Adams, V.G. Pol, P. Chen, A. Varma, One-Step Solution Combustion Synthesis of CuO/Cu2O/C Anode for Long Cycle Life Li-Ion Batteries, Carbon 142, 51-59 (2019).
  9. K.V. Manukyan, R.S. Schools, A.S. Mukasyan, Size-Tunable Germanium Particles Prepared by Self-sustaining Reduction of Germanium Oxide, J. Solid State Chem. 270, 92-97 (2019).

2018 

  1. R. Mnatsakanyan, D. Davtyan, A. Zurnachyan, S. Kharatyan, E. Karakhanov, A. Akopyan, K.V. Manukyan, Microwave-Assisted Preparation and Characterization of Nanoscale Rhenium Diboride, Ceram. Int. 44, 22339-22344 (2018).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, J.M. Pauls, C.E Shuck, S. Rouvimov, A.S. Mukasyan, K. Nazaretyan, H. Chatilyan, S. Kharatyan, Kinetics and Mechanism of Ignition in Reactive Al/Ni Nanostructured Materials, J. Phys. Chem. C 122, 27082–27092 (2018).
  3. K.V. Manukyan, A.V. Yeghishyan, V. Danghyan, S. Rouvimov, A.S. Mukasyan, E.E. Wolf, Structural Transformations of Highly Porous Nickel Catalysts During Ethanol Conversion Towards Hydrogen, Intern. J. Hydrogen Energy 43, 13225-13236 (2018).
  4. M.T. Beason, J.M. Pauls, I.E. Gunduz, S. Rouvimov, K.V. Manukyan, K. Matouš, S.F. Son, A. Mukasyan, Shock-Induced Reaction Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride, Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 171903, 1-5 (2018).
  5. K.V. Manukyan, M. Raddell, E. Sestak, D.T. Gura, Z.D. Schultz, M. Wiescher, Pigment and Ink Analysis of Medieval Books through Complementary Spectroscopy Techniques, Glob. J. Arch & Anthropol. 3, 555619 (2018).
  6. A.S. Mukasyan, C.E. Shuck, J.M. Pauls, K.V. Manukyan, D.O. Moskovskikh, A.S. Rogachev, The Solid Flame Phenomenon: A Novel Perspective, Adv. Eng. Mater. 1701065, 1-9, (2018).
  7. K.V. Manukyan, A.V. Yeghishyan, C.E. Shuck, D.O. Moskovskikh, S. Rouvimov, E.E. Wolf, A.S. Mukasyan, Mesoporous Metal – Silica Materials: Synthesis, Catalytic and Thermal Properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Mater. 257, 175-184 (2018).

2017

  1. K.V. Manukyan, Combustion and Materials Synthesis, Int. J. Self-Propagating High-Temp. 26, 143-145 (2017).
  2. H.H. Nersisyan, J.H. Lee, J. Ding, K. Kim, K.V. Manukyan, A.S. Mukasyan, Combustion Synthesis of Zero-, One-, Two- and Three-Dimensional Nanostructures: Current Trends and Future Perspectives, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 63, 79-118 (2017).

2016

  1. K.V. Manukyan, A.V. Yeghishyan, D.O. Moskovskikh, J. Kapaldo, A. Mintairov, A.S. Mukasyan, Mechanochemical Synthesis of Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite, J. Mater. Sci. 51, 9123-9130 (2016).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, B.J. Guerin, E.J. Stech, A. Aprahamian, M. Wiescher, D.T. Gura, Z.D. Schultz, Multiscale X-Ray fluorescence mapping complemented by Raman spectroscopy for pigment analysis of a 15th century Breton manuscript, Anal. Methods 8, 7696-7701 (2016).
  3. R. Mnatsakanyan, A.R. Zhurnachyan, V.A. Matyshak, K.V. Manukyan, A.S. Mukasyan, Microwave-assisted synthesis of carbon-supported carbides catalysts for hydrous hydrazine decomposition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 96-97, 115-120 (2016).
  4. A. Battaglia, W. Tan, R. Avetisyan, C. Casarella, A. Gyurijinyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.T. Marley, A. Nystrom, N. Paul, K. Siegl, K. Smith, M.K. Smith, S.Y. Strauss, A. Aprahamian, Measurements of Conversion Electrons in the S-Process Branching Point Nucleus 176Lu, Eur. Phys. J. A 52, 126 (2016).
  5. K.V. Manukyan, C.E. Shuck, M.J. Cherukara, S. Rouvimov, D.Y. Kovalev, A. Strachan, A.S. Mukasyan, Exothermic Self-Sustained Waves with Amorphous Nickel, J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 5827-5838 (2016).
  6. K. Gulyuz, G. Bollen, M. Brodeur, R. A. Bryce, K. Cooper, M. Eibach, C. Izzo, E. Kwan, K.V. Manukyan, D.J. Morrissey, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, M. Redshaw, R. Ringle, R. Sandler, S. Schwarz, C.S. Sumithrarachchi, A.A. Valverde, A.C.C. Villari, High Precision Determination of the β Decay QEC Value of 11C and Implications on the Tests of the Standard Model, Phys. Rev. Letters 116, 012501 (2016).
  7. C.E. Shuck, K.V. Manukyan, S. Rouvimov, A.S. Rogachev, A.S. Mukasyan, Solid-Flame: Experimental Validation, Combust. Flame 163, 487-493 (2016).

2015

  1. K.V. Manukyan, A.J. Cross, A.V. Yeghishyan, S. Rouvimov,  J.J. Miller, A.S. Mukasyan, E.E. Wolf, Highly stable Ni-Al2O3 Catalyst Prepared from a Ni-Al Layered Double Hydroxide for Ethanol Decomposition Toward Hydrogen, Appl. Catal. A 508, 37-44 (2015).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, A.G. Avetisyan, H.A. Chatilyan, S. Rouvimov, S.L. Kharatyan, A.S. Mukasyan, Nickel Oxide Reduction by Hydrogen: Kinetics and Structural Transformations, J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 16131-16138 (2015).
  3. R.J. deBoer, D.W. Bardayan, J. Görres, P.J. LeBlanc, K.V. Manukyan, M.T. Moran, K. Smith, W. Tan, E. Uberseder, M. Wiescher, P.F. Bertone, A.E. Champagne,  M.S. Islam, Low Energy Scattering Cross Section Ratios of 14N(p, p) 14N, Phys. Rev. C 91, 045804 (1-10) (2015).
  4. K.V. Manukyan, W. Tan, R.J. deBoer, E.J. Stech, A. Aprahamian, M. Wiescher, S. Rouvimov, K.R. Overdeep, C.E. Shuck, T.P. Weihs, A.S. Mukasyan, Irradiation-Enhanced Reactivity of Multilayer Al/Ni Nanomaterials, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 11272-11279 (2015).
  5. K.V. Manukyan, C.E. Shuck, A.S. Rogachev, A.S. Mukasyan, Preparation and Reactivity of Gasless Nanostructured Energetic Materials, J. Vis. Exp. 98, 52624 (2015).
  6. A. Kumar, A. Cross, K.V. Manukyan, R.R. Bhosale, L.J.P. van den Broeke, J.T. Miller, A.S. Mukasyan, E.E. Wolf, Combustion Synthesis of Copper–Nickel Catalysts for Hydrogen Production from Ethanol, Chem. Eng. J. 278, 46-54 (2015).

2014

  1. A. Cross, S. Roslyakov, K.V. Manukyan, S. Rouvimov, A.S. Rogachev, D. Kovalev, E.E. Wolf, A.S. Mukasyan, In-Situ Preparation of Highly Stable Ni-Based Supported Catalysts by Solution Combustion Synthesis, J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 26191-26198 (2014).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, Y.-S. Chen, S. Rouvimov, P. Li, X. Li, S. Dong, X. Liu, J.K. Furdyna, A. Orlov, G.H. Bernstein, W. Porod, S. Roslyakov, A.S. Mukasyan, Ultrasmall α-Fe2O3 Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles with High Magnetization Prepared by Template-Assisted Combustion Process, J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 16264-16271 (2014).
  3. B.C. Terry, Y.-C. Lin, K.V. Manukyan, A.S. Mukasyan, S.F. Son, L.J. Groven, The Effect of Silicon Powder Characteristics on the Combustion of Silicon/Teflon/Viton Nanoenergetics, Propellants, Explos. Pyrotech. 39, 337-347 (2014).
  4. K.V. Manukyan, A. Cross, S. Rouvimov, A.S. Mukasyan, J. Miller, E.E. Wolf, Low-Temperature Decomposition of Hydrous Hydrazine Over the FeNi/Cu Nanoparticles, Appl. Catal. A 476, 47-53 (2014).

2013

  1. K.V. Manukyan, A. Cross, S. Roslykov, A.S. Rogachev, E.E. Wolf, A.S. Mukasyan, Solution Combustion Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Metallic Materials: Mechanistic Studies, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 24417-24427 (2013).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, A.A. Voskanyan, S. Rouvimov, A.S. Mukasyan, S.L. Kharatyan, W and Two-Dimensional WO3/W Nanocrystals Produced by Controlled Self-sustaining Reduction of Sodium Tungstate, J. Mater. Res. 28, 2611-2621 (2013).
  3. K.V. Manukyan, S. Rouvimov, E.E. Wolf, A.S. Mukasyan, Combustion Synthesis of Graphene Materials, Carbon 62, 302-311 (2013).
  4. S.I. Roslyakov, D.Y. Kovalev, A.S. Rogachev, K.V. Manukyan, A.S. Mukasyan, Solution Combustion Synthesis: Dynamics of Phase Formation for Highly Porous Nickel, Dokl. Phys. Chem. 449, 48-51 (2013).
  5. B.H. Meekins, Y-C. Lin, J S. Manser, K V. Manukyan, A S. Mukasyan, P.V. Kamat, P.J. McGinn, Photoactive Porous Silicon Nanopowder, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 2943-2951 (2013).
  6. K.V. Manukyan, Y.-C. Lin P. J. McGinn, A. S. Mukasyan, Microstructure-Reactivity Relationship of Ti+C Reactive Nanomaterials, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 024302 (1-10) (2013).

2012

  1. K.V. Manukyan, B.A. Mason, L.J. Groven, Y.-C. Lin, M. Cherukara, S.F. Son, A. Strachan, A.S. Mukasyan, Tailored reactivity of Ni+Al nanocomposites: Microstructural correlations, J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 21027-21038 (2012).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, V.T. Danghyan, Y.G. Grigoryan, O.M. Niazyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Phase formation mechanism of the Ni + Zr + polytetrafluoroethylene reactive mixture, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 110, 619-623 (2012).
  3. K.V. Manukyan, S.V. Aydinyan, A. Aghajanyan, Y.G. Grigoryan, O.M. Niazyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Reaction pathway in the MoO3 + Mg + C reactive mixtures, Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater. 31, 28-32 (2012).
  4. L.S. Apresyan, N.H. Amirkhanyan, R.M. Grigoryan, N.K. Sarkisyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, R.M. Aroutiounian, G.H. Gasparyan, In vitro study on biocompatibility of new porous NiZr alloy as potential biomaterial, New Armen. Medical J. 6, 20-25 (2012).

2011

  1. V.T. Minasyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, R.A. Mnatsakanyan, Dehydrogenation of cyclohexane over SHS-produced Nickel-Zirconium alloy, Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth. 20, 150-152 (2011).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, K.G. Kirakosyan, Y.G. Grigoryan, O.M. Niazyan, A.V. Yeghishyan, A.G. Kirakosyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Mechanism of molten-salt-controlled thermite reactions, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 50, 10982-10988 (2011).
  3. K.V. Manukyan, D.H. Davtyan, J. Bossert, S.L. Kharatyan, Direct reduction of ammonium molybdate to elemental molybdenum by combustion reaction, Chem. Eng. J. 168, 925-930 (2011).
  4. A.R. Zurnachyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, R.A. Mnatsakanyan, WC-Based catalyst for isopropyl alcohol dehydration as prepared by combustion synthesis, Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth. 20, 1-5 (2011).
  5. A.R. Zurnachyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, V.A. Matyshak, R.A. Mnatsakanyan, New isopropanol dehydration catalyst based on tungsten carbide prepared by modified Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis, Kinet. Catal. 52, 851-854 (2011).
  6. A.R. Zurnachyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, R.A. Mnatsakanyan, Synthesis of molybdenum carbide by modified SHS method, Chemical Journal of Armenia 64, 226-234 (2011).

2010

  1. K.V. Manukyan, N.H. Amirkhanyan, S.V. Aydinyan, V.T. Danghyan, R.M. Grigoryan, N.K. Sarkissyan, G.H. Gasparyan, R.M. Aroutiounian, S.L. Kharatyan, Novel NiZr-based porous biomaterials: synthesis and in vitro testing, Chem. Eng. J. 162, 406-414 (2010).
  2. S.V. Aydinyan, Zh. Gumruyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Self-sustaining reduction of MoO3 by Mg + C mixture, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 172, 267-271 (2010).
  3. D.H. Davtyan, K.V. Manukyan, S. Kharatyan, Reduction of MoO3 by Zn: Reducer migration phenomena, Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater. 28, 601-604 (2010).

2009

  1. K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, G. Blugan, P. Kocher,  J. Kuebler, MoSi2-Si3N4 Composites: Influence of starting materials and fabrication route on electrical and mechanical properties, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 2053-2060 (2009).
  2. M.H. Yamukyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Copper oxide reduction by hydrogen under the self-propagation reaction mode, J. Alloys Compd. 473, 546-549 (2009).

2008

  1. K.V. Manukyan, S.V. Aydinyan, Kh.G. Kirakosyan, S.L. Kharatyan, G. Blugan, U. Müller, J. Kuebler, Salt-assisted combustion synthesis and characterization of MoSi2 and MoSi2-Si3N4 composite powders, Chem. Eng. J. 143, 331-336 (2008).
  2. M.H. Yamukyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Cast copper produced by combustion reaction, J. Alloys Compd. 461, L14-L16 (2008).
  3. Kh.G. Kirakosyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, R.A. Mnatsakanyan, Synthesis of tungsten carbide-carbon nanomaterials by combustion reaction, Mater. Chem. Phys. 110, 454-456 (2008).
  4. A.V. Gabrielyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Comparative study of combustion laws for Mo–Si–N and W–Si–N ternary systems, J. Alloys Compd. 454, 394-399 (2008).
  5. M.H. Yamukyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Copper oxide reduction by combined reducers under the  combustion mode, Chem. Eng. J. 137, 636-642 (2008).
  6. M.H. Yamukyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Obtaining of nickel powder under the combustion mode by reduction of basic nickel carbonate, Chemical Journal of Armenia 61, 159-161 (2008).

2007

  1. K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, G. Blugan, J. Kuebler, Combustion synthesis and compaction of Si3N4-TiN composite powder, Ceram. Int. 33, 379-383 (2007).
  2. K.V. Manukyan, A.V. Egishyan, A.B. Arutyunyan, S.L. Kharatyan, The mechanism of mass transfer in combustion of the Mo-B system, Heat Transf. Res. 38, 85-93 (2007).

2006

  1. A.V. Egishyan, K.V. Manukyan, A.B. Harutyunyan, S.L. Kharatyan, influence of molybdenum and boron oxides on combustion in the Mo-B gasless system, Int. J. Self-Propagating High-Temp. 15, 33-40 (2006).
  2. T.S. Bilyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, J.A. Puszynski, Mechanochemically and thermally activated combustion of the B-TiN system, Int. J. Self-Propagating High-Temp. 15, 235-245 (2006).
  3. K.V. Manukyan, Thermal Activated Combustion of B-TiN System and synthesis of BN-TiB2 composite powders, Chemical Journal of Armenia 59, 18-24 (2006).

2003

  1. S.L. Kharatyan, K.V. Manukyan, H.H. Nersisyan, H.L. Khachatryan, Macrokinetic Laws of Activated Combustion During Synthesis of Composite Ceramic Powders Based on Silicon Nitride, Int. J. Self-Propagating High-Temp. 12, 19-34 (2003).
  2. H.H. Nersisyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Titanium Silicides as Raw Materials for Combustion Synthesis of TiN/Si3N4 Ceramic Composite Powders, Chemical Journal of Armenia 56, 15-28 (2003).

2002

  1. H.H. Nersisyan, K.V. Manukyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Mechanism of the formation of chromium carbides under the activated combustion mode, Int. J. Self-Propagating High-Temp. 11, 1-12 (2002).

2001

  1. K.V. Manukyan, H.H. Nersisyan, S.L. Kharatyan, Activated combustion of chromium with carbon and synthesis of chromium carbides, Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 20, 40-43 (2001).